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  • Writer's pictureDr. Karuturi Subrahmanyam

Common Cold

The common cold is a viral infection that affects the upper respiratory system, including the nose, throat, and sinuses. It is one of the most common illnesses and can affect people of all ages.

Symptoms of a cold typically include a runny or stuffy nose, sneezing, sore throat, and coughing. Some people may also experience a fever, headache, or body aches.

The common cold is caused by a variety of viruses, with the most common being the rhinovirus. These viruses are easily spread through the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes, or through direct contact with an infected person, such as touching a surface that has been contaminated with the virus.

There are several things you can do to relieve your symptoms and make yourself more comfortable:

  • Get plenty of rest: Your body needs extra energy to fight off the virus, so it's important to get as much rest as possible.

  • Drink fluids: Staying hydrated can help to thin out mucus and relieve congestion. Warm liquids, such as tea or soup, can also soothe a sore throat.

  • Use over-the-counter medications: There are several over-the-counter medications that can help to relieve cold symptoms, such as decongestants, antihistamines, and pain relievers. Be sure to follow the instructions on the packaging and talk to your doctor if you have any questions.

  • Use a humidifier: A humidifier can help to add moisture to the air, which can relieve congestion and soothe a sore throat.

  • Avoid smoking and secondhand smoke: Smoking and exposure to secondhand smoke can irritate the respiratory system and make cold symptoms worse.

In some people Cold can lead to complications such as sinus infections, ear infections, sepsis, multi organ dysfunction or pneumonia. If you experience any severe symptoms or have a weakened immune system, it is important to see a doctor.

To prevent the spread of the common cold, it is important to wash your hands regularly, especially after coming into contact with someone who is sick or touching common surfaces. Avoid close contact with people who are sick, and try to avoid touching your face, especially your nose and mouth, as this is how the virus can enter your body.

Natural home remedies for common cold

There are several natural home remedies that can help to relieve the symptoms of the common cold. Here are a few to consider:

  • Chicken soup: Chicken soup has been used as a natural remedy for the common cold for centuries. The warm liquid can help to soothe a sore throat and relieve congestion. The soup may also contain nutrients that can help to boost the immune system and fight off the virus.

  • Garlic: Garlic has natural antiviral and antibacterial properties that can help to fight off the common cold virus. You can add garlic to your meals, or take a garlic supplement.

  • Honey: Honey has been shown to have antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties that can help to relieve sore throat and cough. It can also help to soothe and coat the throat, making it more comfortable to swallow.

  • Lemon and honey: Lemons are rich in Vitamin C, an antioxidant that can help to boost the immune system and relieve cold symptoms. Squeeze the juice of half a lemon into a cup of warm water and add a teaspoon of honey. Drink it twice a day.

  • Ginger: Ginger contains compounds that have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, which can help to relieve sore throat, cough, and congestion. You can add ginger to your meals, or make a ginger tea by grating fresh ginger and steeping it in hot water for a few minutes.

  • Steam: Steam can help to relieve congestion and open up airways. You can take a hot shower, or put a towel over your head and inhale the steam from a bowl of hot water.

  • Echinacea: Echinacea is an herb that has been traditionally used to boost the immune system and relieve cold symptoms. It can be taken in supplement form or as a tea.

  • Vitamin C: Vitamin C is an antioxidant that can help to boost the immune system and reduce the severity of cold symptoms. You can get Vitamin C from foods such as oranges, strawberries, kiwi, papaya, bell peppers, spinach, kale and broccoli or from supplements.

It is important to note that these remedies are not meant to replace professional medical care. If your symptoms are severe or persist for more than 3 days, it is important to see a doctor.

Dr. Karuturi Subrahmanyam, MD, FRCP (London), FACP (USA)

Internal Medicine Specialist

Kify Hospital



Phone : 85000 23456

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