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  • Dr. Karuturi Subrahmanyam

Cough

Coughing is a common symptom that can be caused by a variety of conditions. It is the body's natural way of removing mucus, foreign particles, or irritants from the airways.


Acute coughs, which last less than three weeks, are typically caused by viral infections such as the common cold, the flu, Covid or other viral infections. These types of coughs are usually accompanied by other symptoms such as a runny nose, sore throat, and fatigue.


Chronic coughs, which last longer than eight weeks, may be caused by underlying conditions such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). If you have a chronic cough, it is important to see a doctor for a proper diagnosis and treatment.


If you have a cough, it is important to stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water and other fluids. This can help to loosen mucus and make it easier to cough up. You can also try using over-the-counter cough syrup or lozenges to relieve symptoms.


If your cough is caused by a viral infection, such as the common cold, you can take steps to relieve symptoms. Over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen can help to reduce fever and relieve pain. Decongestants can also help to relieve nasal congestion.


If your cough is caused by an underlying condition such as asthma or COPD, it is important to follow your doctors treatment plan. This may include taking medication, using a nebulizer, or making lifestyle changes.


In general, it is important to avoid triggers that can worsen your cough such as smoke, dust, and pollution. You should also avoid exposing yourself to secondhand smoke and should stop smoking if you are a smoker.


Natural Home Remedies for Cough


Here are a few natural home remedies that may be helpful for treating a cough:

  1. Honey: Honey has natural antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties that can help to soothe a sore throat and reduce coughing. Mix one tablespoon of honey with a glass of warm water and lemon juice for a soothing drink.

  2. Ginger: Ginger has natural anti-inflammatory properties that can help to reduce congestion and soothe a sore throat. You can make a ginger tea by grating fresh ginger and steeping it in hot water for several minutes.

  3. Steam: Inhaling steam can help to loosen mucus and make it easier to cough up. You can create steam by running a hot shower, using a humidifier, or boiling water on the stove and inhaling the steam.

  4. Turmeric: Turmeric has natural anti-inflammatory properties that can help to reduce coughing. Mix 1/4 teaspoon of turmeric powder with a glass of warm milk and drink it twice a day.

  5. Onion: Onions have natural anti-inflammatory and expectorant properties that can help to reduce coughing. Simply chop one onion and simmer it in a pot of water for 10-15 minutes, then strain it and drink the liquid.

  6. Garlic: Garlic has natural antimicrobial properties that can help to fight off infection and reduce coughing. You can eat raw garlic cloves or add them to your cooking.

  7. Salt water gargle: Salt water gargle can help to soothe a sore throat and reduce coughing. Mix 1/2 teaspoon of salt in a glass of warm water and gargle it several times a day.


It is important to note that these remedies are not a substitute for medical treatment and if your cough persists, please consult a doctor. These remedies can be used to alleviate symptoms but not to treat underlying conditions.

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