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  • Writer's pictureDr. Karuturi Subrahmanyam


Insomnia is a common sleep disorder that affects millions of people worldwide. It is characterized by difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep, or both. Insomnia can have a significant impact on your daily life, leaving you feeling tired, irritable, and unable to concentrate.

There are several potential causes of insomnia, including stress, anxiety, depression, recent fevers and certain medical conditions or medications. In some cases, insomnia may be caused by a combination of factors.

If you are experiencing insomnia, it is important to talk to your doctor. They can help determine the cause of your insomnia and develop a treatment plan that is right for you.

Treatment options for insomnia include lifestyle changes, such as practicing good sleep hygiene, and medications.

Good sleep hygiene includes:

  • Establishing a regular sleep schedule

  • Creating a comfortable sleep environment

  • Avoiding stimulating activities before bedtime

  • Avoiding caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol close to bedtime

Medications used to treat insomnia include:

  • Non-benzodiazepine hypnotics (such as zolpidem, eszopiclone, ramelteon)

  • Benzodiazepine receptor agonists (such as triazolam, temazepam)

  • Antidepressant medications

It's also important to note that insomnia can be a symptom of an underlying medical or mental health condition. Treatment of the underlying condition may also improve insomnia.

In addition to the above-mentioned treatments, Cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) is an effective treatment for insomnia. It involves identifying and addressing the thoughts and behaviors that contribute to insomnia, and it can be as effective as medication for treating chronic insomnia.

If you are having trouble sleeping, don't hesitate to talk to your doctor. They can help you find the treatment that works best for you. Remember, getting a good night's sleep is essential for your physical and mental health.

Natural Home Remedies for Insomnia

Some natural remedies for insomnia include practicing good sleep hygiene, such as keeping a regular sleep schedule, creating a comfortable sleep environment, and avoiding electronic devices before bedtime.

Relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing exercises, meditation, or yoga, can also help. Additionally, some people find that herbal supplements, such as valerian root or melatonin, can be helpful for promoting sleep.

However, it's important to talk to a doctor before trying any new supplement to ensure it is safe for you to use.

Dr. Karuturi Subrahmanyam, MD, FRCP (London), FACP (USA)

Internal Medicine Specialist

Kify Hospital



Phone : 85000 23456

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