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  • Writer's pictureDr. Karuturi Subrahmanyam


Anxiety is a natural response to stress or danger. It is a feeling of apprehension, fear, or uneasiness about something that has yet to happen or may never happen at all. While it is normal to feel anxious from time to time, it becomes a problem when anxiety starts to interfere with your daily life.

Symptoms: Anxiety can manifest in many different ways. Some common symptoms of anxiety include:

  • Feelings of restlessness or being on edge

  • Irritability

  • Difficulty concentrating

  • Muscle tension

  • Sleep disturbances

  • Rapid heartbeat or breathing

  • Sweating

  • Nausea or diarrhea

  • Panic attacks

Causes: There is no one cause of anxiety. Rather, it is a complex interaction between genetic, environmental, and psychological factors. Some common causes of anxiety include:

  • Genetics: Anxiety disorders tend to run in families, suggesting that genetics may play a role in their development.

  • Brain chemistry: Imbalances in certain neurotransmitters, such as serotonin and dopamine, can contribute to the development of anxiety disorders.

  • Environmental factors: Traumatic events, such as abuse, neglect, or violence, can increase the risk of developing anxiety disorders.

  • Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as thyroid disorders, viral infections, lung disorders, kidney disease or heart disease, can cause symptoms of anxiety.

Treatment: There are several treatments available for anxiety. The most common treatments include:

  • Therapy: Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a type of talk therapy that has been shown to be effective in treating anxiety disorders. CBT helps individuals identify negative thought patterns and teaches them coping strategies to manage their anxiety.

  • Medication: Antidepressants, anti-anxiety medications, and beta-blockers are often used to treat anxiety disorders. These medications work by regulating brain chemistry and reducing symptoms of anxiety.

  • Lifestyle changes: Regular exercise, a healthy diet, and stress-reduction techniques, such as yoga or meditation, can help reduce symptoms of anxiety.

Prevention: While it is not always possible to prevent anxiety, there are several steps you can take to reduce your risk of developing an anxiety disorder. These include:

  • Maintaining a healthy lifestyle: Regular exercise, a balanced diet, and good sleep hygiene can help reduce stress and anxiety.

  • Seeking support: Talking to friends or family members about your worries or seeking professional help can help you manage your anxiety.

  • Managing stress: Learning stress-reduction techniques, such as mindfulness or deep breathing, can help reduce symptoms of anxiety.

Anxiety is a common and treatable mental health condition. If you are experiencing symptoms of anxiety, it is important to seek help from a doctor. With the right treatment and support, you can learn to manage your anxiety and lead a fulfilling life.

Natural Home Remedies for Anxiety

Anxiety is a common mental health condition that can be challenging to manage. While medication and therapy are effective treatments, some people also turn to natural home remedies to help alleviate their symptoms. Here are some natural remedies that may help decrease anxiety:

  • Exercise: Regular exercise can help reduce symptoms of anxiety by releasing endorphins, improving mood, and reducing stress. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate exercise per day, such as walking, jogging, or cycling.

  • Mindfulness: Mindfulness is a type of meditation that involves focusing on the present moment without judgment. Research has shown that mindfulness can help reduce symptoms of anxiety by calming the mind and reducing stress. Try practicing mindfulness for a few minutes each day, using apps or guided meditations if needed.

  • Chamomile tea: Chamomile tea is a natural sedative that has been used for centuries to help reduce anxiety and promote relaxation. Drinking a cup of chamomile tea before bed may help improve sleep and reduce anxiety.

  • Lavender: Lavender is a popular essential oil that has been shown to have calming effects on the body. Try adding a few drops of lavender oil to a diffuser or taking a lavender-infused bath to help reduce anxiety.

  • Omega-3 fatty acids: Omega-3 fatty acids are essential nutrients found in fatty fish, nuts, and seeds. Research has shown that omega-3 fatty acids may help reduce symptoms of anxiety by reducing inflammation and improving brain function. Try incorporating fatty fish, such as salmon, into your diet or taking an omega-3 supplement.

  • Aromatherapy: Aromatherapy involves using essential oils to promote relaxation and reduce stress. Try using scents such as bergamot, ylang-ylang, or frankincense to help reduce symptoms of anxiety.

  • Sleep hygiene: Getting enough sleep is crucial for managing anxiety. Aim for at least 7-8 hours of sleep per night and establish a bedtime routine to help improve sleep quality. Avoid using electronic devices before bed, and create a relaxing sleep environment by keeping the room dark and cool.

While these natural remedies may help reduce symptoms of anxiety, it is important to seek medical advice if you are experiencing severe or persistent anxiety. Natural remedies should be used in conjunction with medical treatment, not as a replacement.

Dr. Karuturi Subrahmanyam, MD, FRCP (London), FACP (USA)

Internal Medicine Specialist

Kify Hospital



Phone : 85000 23456


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