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  • Dr. Karuturi Subrahmanyam

Black Stools

Melaena is a condition characterized by black, tarry stools caused by the presence of blood in the stool. This condition can be caused by a variety of underlying conditions, including gastrointestinal bleeding, ulcers, and cancer.


Symptoms of melaena may include black, tarry stools, weakness, dizziness, and abdominal pain. If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to seek medical attention right away.


The diagnosis of melaena is made by a physical examination and laboratory tests, such as a stool sample or colonoscopy. Treatment options will depend on the underlying cause of the melaena.


If the cause of melaena is a gastrointestinal bleed, treatment may include medications to control the bleeding, such as proton pump inhibitors or blood transfusions. If the cause is an ulcer, treatment may include medications to reduce stomach acid and promote healing.


In some cases, surgery may be necessary to treat the underlying cause of melaena. For example, if cancer is found to be the cause of melaena, surgery may be required to remove the affected tissue.


It is important to note that melaena can be a serious condition, and prompt medical attention is essential. If you experience any symptoms of melaena, such as black, tarry stools, weakness, dizziness, or abdominal pain, seek medical attention right away.


Natural Home Remedies for Black Stools


While melaena is a serious condition that requires medical attention, there are some natural home remedies that may help alleviate symptoms and promote healing. However, it's important to note that these remedies should not be used as a substitute for medical treatment.


  • Increase Fiber Intake: Fiber can help bulk up the stools, making them easier to pass and reducing the risk of bleeding. Good sources of fiber include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes.

  • Ginger: Ginger has anti-inflammatory properties that may help reduce inflammation and pain in the gastrointestinal tract. It can be consumed as a tea, a supplement or added to meals.

  • Turmeric: Turmeric contains a compound called curcumin, which has anti-inflammatory properties. It can be consumed as a supplement or added to meals.

  • Avoid Spicy Foods: Spicy foods can irritate the gastrointestinal tract and exacerbate symptoms of melaena.

  • Drink Plenty of Water: Drinking enough water can help prevent constipation, which can make symptoms of melaena worse.

  • Avoid Alcohol and Nicotine: Alcohol and nicotine can irritate the gastrointestinal tract and increase the risk of bleeding.

  • Probiotics: Probiotics are beneficial bacteria that can help improve the health of the gastrointestinal tract. They can be found in fermented foods such as yogurt, kefir, and kimchi or taken as a supplement.


It's important to note that natural remedies may have side effects or interact with other medications, so it is important to consult with a doctor before starting any new treatment.

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