top of page
  • Writer's pictureDr. Karuturi Subrahmanyam

Fissure Feet

What are fissure feet?

Fissure feet are cracks or splits in the skin of your feet, usually on the heels, the balls, or between the toes. They can look like cuts or grooves in your skin. They can be mild or severe, depending on how deep and wide they are. Fissure feet can cause pain, bleeding, and infection if they are not treated properly.


What causes fissure feet?

Fissure feet are caused by dry or moist skin that loses its flexibility and elasticity. Dry skin can happen because of cold, dry weather, lack of moisturizing, or certain skin conditions such as eczema or psoriasis. Moist skin can happen because of sweating, fungal infections such as athlete’s foot, or wearing wet or tight shoes or socks. Both dry and moist skin can make your skin thick and hard, which can crack when you walk or stand.

Other factors that can increase your risk of fissure feet are:

  • Diabetes: Diabetes can damage the nerves in your feet, which can affect your ability to sweat and feel pain. This can make your skin dry and prone to cracking. Diabetes can also slow down the healing process and increase the risk of infection.

  • Nutritional deficiencies: Not getting enough nutrients such as iron, zinc, vitamins A, B, C, D, E, and K can affect your skin health and make it dry and brittle.

  • Thyroid problems: Having an underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism) can reduce the production of sweat and oil glands in your skin, which can make it dry and flaky.

  • Smoking: Smoking can narrow the blood vessels in your skin, which can reduce the blood flow and oxygen supply to your feet. This can make your skin dry and damaged.


How to treat fissure feet?

The treatment of fissure feet depends on the severity and cause of the condition. Some common treatments are:

  • Moisturizing: Applying a thick moisturizer twice a day can help soften and hydrate your skin. You can use products that contain natural oils such as coconut, almond, or sunflower oil, or ingredients that remove dead skin cells such as alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs), salicylic acid, or urea. You may feel a mild stinging sensation when you apply these products.

  • Exfoliating: Removing the thick and hard skin around the cracks can help them heal faster and prevent them from getting deeper. You can use a pumice stone, a foot file, or a scrub to gently rub the affected areas after soaking your feet in warm water for 10 minutes. Do not use sharp tools or scissors to cut the skin, as this can cause more damage and infection.

  • Protecting: Covering the cracks with a bandage or a dressing can help protect them from dirt and bacteria. You can also apply an antibiotic ointment or cream to prevent infection. Change the bandage or dressing every day and keep the area clean and dry.

  • Medicating: If you have pain, bleeding, or signs of infection such as redness, swelling, pus, or fever, you should see a doctor for medical treatment. You may need to take painkillers, anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotics, or antifungal drugs depending on the cause and severity of your condition. You may also need to get a tetanus shot if you have not had one in the last 10 years.

  • Surgery: In some cases, you may need surgery to remove the dead or infected tissue from your feet and repair the cracks with stitches or skin grafts. This is usually done for severe or chronic cases that do not respond to other treatments.


What are some natural remedies for fissure feet?

Fissure feet are cracks or splits in the skin of your feet that can cause pain, bleeding, and infection. They are caused by dry or moist skin that loses its flexibility and elasticity. There are some natural remedies that you can use to moisturize and heal the cracks in your feet. Here are some of them:

  • Applying natural oils: Natural oils such as coconut, almond, or olive oil can help moisturize and heal the cracks in your feet. You can massage your feet with these oils after washing and drying them. You can also add some essential oils such as lavender, tea tree, or peppermint for extra benefits. These oils can help relax your muscles, fight fungus and bacteria, and refresh your feet.

  • Using honey: Honey is a natural sweetener that can also help your skin. Honey can attract and keep moisture in your skin. It also has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties that can prevent infection and soothe the pain. You can apply honey directly to the cracks or mix it with some warm water and soak your feet in it for 15 minutes.

  • Applying aloe vera gel: Aloe vera gel is a natural plant product that can help your skin. Aloe vera gel can help repair the damaged skin cells and promote new skin growth. It also has anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties that can reduce swelling and infection. You can apply aloe vera gel directly to the cracks or mix it with some turmeric powder and apply it as a paste.

  • Using banana peel: Banana peel is rich in potassium, which is an important mineral for your skin. It also has antioxidants and enzymes that can exfoliate and nourish your skin. You can rub the inside of a banana peel on the cracks or blend it with some lemon juice and apply it as a mask.

  • Applying vinegar: Vinegar is an acidic liquid that can help soften and remove the dead skin cells around the cracks. It also has antifungal and antibacterial properties that can prevent infection. You can dilute some vinegar with water and soak your feet in it for 10 minutes or dab some vinegar on the cracks with a cotton ball.

These natural remedies can help you treat fissure feet at home. However, you should be careful not to use them if you have any allergies or sensitivities to these ingredients. You should also see a doctor if your fissure feet are severe or do not improve with these remedies.


How to prevent fissure feet?

The best way to prevent fissure feet is to keep your skin healthy and hydrated. Here are some tips to follow:

  • Drink plenty of water: Water helps flush out toxins from your body and keep your skin moist and elastic. Aim for at least 8 glasses of water per day, or more if you exercise or sweat a lot.

  • Eat a balanced diet: A healthy diet can provide you with the nutrients you need for your skin health. Eat more fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats. Avoid processed foods, fast foods, red meat, dairy products, and salted snacks.

  • Exercise regularly: Physical activity can improve your blood circulation and oxygen delivery to your feet. It can also help you control your weight, blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels. All of these benefits can protect your skin from damage. Aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise per week, such as walking, cycling, swimming, or dancing.

  • Quit smoking: Smoking can harm your skin in many ways. It can reduce the blood flow and oxygen supply to your feet. It can also increase the risk of infections and cancer. Quitting smoking can improve your skin health and lower the risk of fissure feet. You can ask your doctor for help or join a support group to

  • Wear comfortable shoes and socks: Wearing shoes and socks that fit well and allow your feet to breathe can prevent friction, pressure, and moisture that can damage your skin. Choose shoes that have enough room for your toes and heels, and avoid high heels, pointed toes, or tight straps. Choose socks that are made of natural fibers such as cotton or wool, and change them every day or when they get wet or dirty.

  • Avoid walking barefoot: Walking barefoot can expose your feet to dirt, bacteria, fungi, and sharp objects that can injure your skin. It can also make your skin dry and hard, which can lead to cracking. Wear shoes or slippers when you walk indoors or outdoors, and avoid walking on hot, cold, or rough surfaces.

  • Moisturize your feet daily: Applying a moisturizer to your feet every day can help keep your skin soft and supple. You can use the same products that you use for your body or face, or you can use special foot creams that contain ingredients that heal and protect your feet. You can also use natural oils such as coconut, almond, or olive oil to massage your feet. Do this after washing your feet with mild soap and water and drying them gently with a towel.

  • Treat any foot problems promptly: If you have any signs of foot problems such as blisters, corns, calluses, warts, ingrown toenails, fungal infections, or cuts, you should treat them as soon as possible. You can use over-the-counter products or home remedies to treat minor problems, but you should see a doctor if they do not improve or get worse. You should also see a doctor if you have any signs of infection such as redness, swelling, pus, or fever.


Fissure feet are common but preventable problems that can affect your skin health and quality of life. By following the tips above, you can keep your feet smooth and crack-free. You can also enjoy the benefits of having healthy and happy feet, such as better mobility, comfort, and confidence. Remember that your feet are important parts of your body that deserve your care and attention. Treat them well and they will treat you well!

Recent Posts

See All

Understanding Muscle Pains: A Guide for Patients

Muscle pain, also known as myalgia, is a common condition that affects individuals of all ages and backgrounds. Whether it’s a result of overexertion, stress, or underlying medical conditions, underst

Comments


bottom of page