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  • Writer's pictureDr. Karuturi Subrahmanyam

Heat stroke


Heat stroke is a serious condition that occurs when your body overheats and is unable to regulate its temperature. It can be life-threatening if not treated promptly, so it is essential to understand the signs and symptoms and take appropriate action if you or someone you know is affected.


Causes of Heat Stroke:

Heat stroke can occur due to prolonged exposure to hot and humid weather, especially during the summer months. It can also be caused by strenuous physical activity in a hot environment or spending too much time in a sauna or steam room.


Symptoms of Heat Stroke:

The symptoms of heat stroke can vary depending on the severity of the condition, but common symptoms include:

  • High body temperature (above 104°F/40°C)

  • Hot, dry skin

  • Rapid heartbeat

  • Headache

  • Nausea and vomiting

  • Confusion or disorientation

  • Seizures or convulsions

  • Loss of consciousness or coma

If you or someone you know is experiencing any of these symptoms, consult your doctor immediately.


Preventing Heat Stroke:

Heat stroke can be prevented by taking certain precautions, especially during hot weather or when engaging in physical activity in a warm environment. Here are some tips to help prevent heat stroke:

  • Stay hydrated: Drink plenty of water and other fluids to avoid dehydration.

  • Avoid direct sunlight: Stay in shaded areas or indoors during the hottest part of the day.

  • Dress appropriately: Wear loose-fitting, lightweight, and light-colored clothing.

  • Take breaks: Take frequent breaks from physical activity and rest in a cool, shaded area.

  • Cool off: Use a fan, air conditioning, or take a cool shower or bath to lower your body temperature.


Treatment of Heat Stroke:

If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of heat stroke, it is essential to consult your doctor immediately. While waiting for medical help, you can take the following steps:

  • Move the person to a cool, shaded area.

  • Loosen tight clothing and remove any excess clothing.

  • Apply cool water or ice packs to the skin to help lower body temperature.

  • Fan the person to help cool them down.

  • Encourage the person to drink fluids if they are conscious and able to swallow.

In severe cases, hospitalization may be required to provide intravenous fluids and monitor for complications such as organ damage.


Natural Home Remedies for Heat Stroke


Heat stroke is a serious condition that requires immediate medical attention. However, there are some natural home remedies that can help cool the body down and alleviate some of the symptoms of heat stroke. Here are some natural remedies that may help:

  1. Cool Water: Drinking plenty of cool water is essential for preventing and treating heat stroke. It helps to keep the body hydrated and cool. You can also apply cool water to the skin or take a cool shower or bath to help lower your body temperature.

  2. Coconut Water: Coconut water is a natural electrolyte that can help replenish fluids and minerals lost due to sweating. It is a good alternative to sports drinks, which can contain added sugars and chemicals.

  3. Aloe Vera: Aloe vera is a natural cooling agent that can help reduce inflammation and irritation caused by heat stroke. You can apply aloe vera gel to the skin or drink aloe vera juice to help cool down the body.

  4. Peppermint: Peppermint has a cooling effect on the body and can help alleviate symptoms of heat stroke. You can drink peppermint tea or apply peppermint oil to the skin to help cool down the body.

  5. Sandalwood: Sandalwood is a natural coolant that can help reduce body temperature and relieve headaches caused by heat stroke. You can apply sandalwood paste to the forehead or temples to help alleviate symptoms.

  6. Lemon Water: Lemon water is a natural detoxifier that can help flush out toxins and cool down the body. You can squeeze lemon juice into cool water and drink it throughout the day to stay hydrated and cool.

  7. Watermelon: Watermelon is a natural hydrator that can help replenish fluids and minerals lost due to sweating. It is also rich in antioxidants, which can help protect against the harmful effects of heat stroke.


While these natural home remedies may help alleviate some of the symptoms of heat stroke, it is important to consult your doctor immediately if you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms. Heat stroke can be a life-threatening condition and should be treated as an emergency.


Dr. Karuturi Subrahmanyam, MD, FRCP (London), FACP (USA)

Internal Medicine Specialist


Kify Hospital

Danavaipeta

Rajahmundry

Phone : 85000 23456

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