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  • Writer's pictureDr. Karuturi Subrahmanyam

How to Stop Drinking Alcohol


Alcohol is a widely consumed substance that can have harmful effects on the body if consumed in excess or over a prolonged period of time. Here are some of the ways in which alcohol can harm the body:

  1. Liver Damage: The liver is responsible for breaking down alcohol in the body, but excessive alcohol consumption can damage the liver over time. This can lead to liver disease, including cirrhosis and liver failure.

  2. Increased Risk of Cancer: Long-term alcohol consumption is associated with an increased risk of certain types of cancer, including mouth, throat, liver, breast, and colon cancer.

  3. Heart Disease: Excessive alcohol consumption can lead to high blood pressure, irregular heartbeats, and damage to the heart muscle, all of which can increase the risk of heart disease and stroke.

  4. Digestive Problems: Alcohol can irritate the digestive system, leading to stomach ulcers, acid reflux, and inflammation of the stomach lining.

  5. Weakened Immune System: Alcohol can weaken the immune system, making it more difficult for the body to fight off infections and illnesses.

  6. Nervous System Damage: Prolonged alcohol consumption can lead to nerve damage, including numbness, tingling, and even paralysis.

  7. Mental Health Issues: Alcohol can have negative effects on mental health, including anxiety, depression, and an increased risk of suicide.

  8. Increased Risk of Accidents and Injuries: Alcohol can impair judgment, coordination, and reflexes, increasing the risk of accidents, injuries, and even death.

  9. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Drinking alcohol during pregnancy can cause fetal alcohol syndrome, which can lead to physical and mental abnormalities in the developing fetus.


Alcohol addiction, also known as alcoholism, is a chronic and progressive disease that can have serious health consequences if left untreated. Fortunately, there are effective treatments available for those seeking to overcome alcohol addiction and achieve long-term sobriety.

  1. Detoxification: The first step in alcohol de-addiction is detoxification, which involves the process of removing alcohol from the body. This can be a difficult and uncomfortable process, as the body may experience withdrawal symptoms, including anxiety, tremors, and seizures. Detoxification is typically supervised by a doctor, who can provide medication and other support to help manage these symptoms.

  2. Behavioral Therapy: After detoxification, behavioral therapy is often used to address the psychological and emotional aspects of addiction. Cognitive-behavioral therapy, motivational interviewing, and group therapy are all effective approaches to treating alcohol addiction. These therapies can help individuals identify triggers and develop coping strategies to avoid relapse.

  3. Medications: In addition to therapy, medication can be used to treat alcohol addiction. Drugs such as naltrexone, acamprosate, and disulfiram can help reduce cravings and prevent relapse.

  4. Support Groups: Support groups can provide additional support and accountability in the recovery process. These groups offer a safe and supportive environment for individuals to share their experiences and receive guidance from others who have overcome addiction.

  5. Lifestyle Changes: Making lifestyle changes can also be an important part of alcohol de-addiction. This can include avoiding situations where alcohol is present, finding new hobbies and activities to fill time, and developing healthy coping strategies for stress and anxiety.

  6. Self-Care: Taking care of oneself physically and mentally is important in the recovery process. This can include getting enough sleep, eating a healthy diet, and finding ways to relax and unwind.

  7. Long-Term Support: Maintaining sobriety requires ongoing support and care. Many individuals benefit from ongoing therapy, support groups, and other resources to stay committed to their recovery journey.


Stopping drinking alcohol can be a challenging and difficult process, but it is also a courageous and rewarding one. By acknowledging the alcohol problem, seeking doctors help, finding support, making lifestyle changes, developing coping strategies, practicing self-care, and setting goals, you can take the necessary steps to overcome your addiction and live a healthier, happier life.


Dr. Karuturi Subrahmanyam, MD, FRCP (London), FACP (USA)

Internal Medicine Specialist


Kify Hospital

Danavaipeta

Rajahmundry

Phone : 85000 23456

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