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  • Writer's pictureDr. Karuturi Subrahmanyam

Low Urine output


Low urine output, also known as oliguria, is a condition in which an individual produces less urine than what is considered normal. This can be caused by a variety of factors, including dehydration, kidney disease, urinary tract obstruction, and medication side effects. If you are experiencing a decrease in urine output, it is important to understand the causes, symptoms, and potential treatments for this condition.


Symptoms of low urine output can include a decrease in the frequency of urination, the production of less urine during each urination, and a darker color to the urine. Additionally, if the underlying cause of oliguria is severe or chronic, it can lead to symptoms such as fatigue, shortness of breath, swelling in the legs or ankles, and decreased appetite.


There are several causes of low urine output. One of the most common is dehydration, which occurs when the body loses more fluid than it takes in. This can happen as a result of excessive sweating, diarrhea, vomiting, or simply not drinking enough fluids. Kidney disease, which affects the function of the kidneys, can also cause oliguria. This can be caused by a variety of factors, including infections, high blood pressure, and diabetes.

Urinary tract obstruction, which can occur when there is a blockage in the urinary tract, can also lead to low urine output. This can be caused by kidney stones, tumors, or an enlarged prostate gland. Finally, certain medications, such as diuretics, can cause a decrease in urine output as a side effect.


If you are experiencing a decrease in urine output, it is important to speak with your doctor. They can perform tests to determine the underlying cause of your symptoms and recommend appropriate treatment options. Depending on the cause of your oliguria, treatment options may include fluid replacement therapy, medication to improve kidney function, surgery to remove obstructions in the urinary tract, or adjustments to your medication regimen.


In the meantime, there are steps you can take to help improve your urine output. One of the most important is to increase your fluid intake. This can include drinking water, sports drinks, or other fluids recommended by your doctor. You should also avoid consuming large amounts of caffeine or alcohol, which can lead to dehydration.


Natural Home Remedies to increase Urine Output


If you are experiencing a decrease in urine output, there are several natural home remedies that you can try to help increase your urine output. Here are a few options to consider:

  • Increase fluid intake: One of the simplest and most effective ways to increase urine output is to drink more fluids. This can include water, herbal tea, fruit juice, and other hydrating beverages. Aim to drink at least 8-10 cups of fluid per day, or more if you are physically active or in a hot climate.

  • Eat water-rich foods: In addition to drinking fluids, you can also increase your intake of water-rich foods such as watermelon, cucumbers, strawberries, celery, and lettuce. These foods have a high water content and can help to keep you hydrated.

  • Try herbal remedies: Certain herbs are known to have diuretic properties, which can help to increase urine output. Some examples include dandelion root, parsley, ginger, and fennel. These can be taken in the form of herbal tea, capsules, or added to meals.

  • Exercise regularly: Regular exercise can help to improve kidney function and increase urine output. Aim to engage in moderate-intensity exercise for at least 30 minutes per day, most days of the week.

  • Use hot compress: Applying a warm compress to your lower abdomen can help to stimulate urine production by increasing blood flow to the kidneys. Simply soak a towel in warm water, wring it out, and apply it to your lower abdomen for 10-15 minutes at a time.

  • Avoid dehydrating beverages: Certain beverages, such as coffee, tea, and alcohol, can have a dehydrating effect on the body and decrease urine output. Limit your intake of these beverages and opt for hydrating alternatives instead.

  • Take a warm bath: Soaking in a warm bath can help to relax the muscles and improve blood flow to the kidneys, which can increase urine output. Aim to soak in a warm bath for 15-20 minutes at a time.


It is important to note that if you are experiencing a decrease in urine output, it is important to speak with your doctor to determine the underlying cause of your symptoms and recommend appropriate treatment options. These natural remedies can be used in conjunction with medical treatment, but should not be used as a substitute for medical care.



Dr. Karuturi Subrahmanyam, MD, FRCP (London), FACP (USA)

Internal Medicine Specialist


Kify Hospital

Danavaipeta

Rajahmundry

Phone : 85000 23456

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