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  • Writer's pictureDr. Karuturi Subrahmanyam

Varicose veins


Varicose veins are a common condition that affects many people, particularly women. They are characterized by enlarged, twisted veins that appear on the legs, and they can be both unsightly and uncomfortable.


What are varicose veins?

Varicose veins are veins that have become enlarged, twisted, and bulging. They typically occur in the legs, where the veins have to work against gravity to return blood to the heart. When the valves in the veins become weak or damaged, the blood can flow backward and pool in the veins, causing them to swell and become twisted.


What causes varicose veins?

There are several factors that can contribute to the development of varicose veins. These include:

  1. Age - As we age, our veins become less elastic and are more likely to become stretched and damaged.

  2. Genetics - Some people are more predisposed to developing varicose veins due to their family history.

  3. Pregnancy - During pregnancy, the growing uterus puts pressure on the veins in the legs, which can cause them to become enlarged.

  4. Obesity - Excess weight can put added pressure on the veins, making them more likely to become damaged.

  5. Prolonged standing or sitting - Jobs that require long periods of standing or sitting can put added pressure on the veins, increasing the risk of varicose veins.


How are varicose veins treated?

If you have varicose veins, there are several treatment options available. The most common treatments include:

  1. Compression stockings - These are special stockings that provide gentle pressure on the legs, helping to improve blood flow and reduce swelling.

  2. Sclerotherapy - This involves injecting a solution into the veins that causes them to shrink and eventually disappear.

  3. Endovenous laser treatment (EVLT) - This is a minimally invasive procedure that uses a laser to seal off the affected veins, causing them to collapse and eventually be absorbed by the body.

  4. Surgery - In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the affected veins.


Preventing varicose veins

While there is no guaranteed way to prevent varicose veins, there are several things you can do to reduce your risk. These include:

  1. Maintaining a healthy weight

  2. Exercising regularly

  3. Avoiding prolonged periods of sitting or standing

  4. Elevating your legs when possible

  5. Wearing compression stockings


Fortunately, there are several treatment options available, and by taking steps to reduce your risk, you can minimize your chances of developing this condition. If you are experiencing symptoms of varicose veins, be sure to talk to your doctor to determine the best course of treatment for you.


Natural Home Remedies to decrease Varicose veins


Varicose veins are a common condition that affects many people, particularly women. They are caused by weak or damaged valves in the veins, which allow blood to flow backward and pool in the veins, causing them to become enlarged, twisted, and bulging. While there are several medical treatments available for varicose veins, there are also several natural home remedies that can help decrease the appearance and discomfort of varicose veins. Here are some of the most effective home remedies for varicose veins:

  • Exercise regularly

Regular exercise can help improve blood flow and strengthen the muscles that support the veins. Walking, cycling, swimming, and yoga are all good options.

  • Elevate your legs

Elevating your legs above the level of your heart can help improve blood flow and reduce swelling in the veins. Try to elevate your legs for 15-20 minutes several times a day.

  • Wear compression stockings

Compression stockings can help improve blood flow and reduce swelling in the legs. They are available over-the-counter or can be prescribed by a doctor.

  • Maintain a healthy weight

Excess weight puts added pressure on the veins, making them more likely to become damaged. Maintaining a healthy weight can help reduce your risk of developing varicose veins.

  • Eat a healthy diet

Eating a diet that is high in fiber and low in salt can help reduce your risk of developing varicose veins. Fiber helps promote healthy digestion and bowel movements, which can help reduce pressure on the veins, while salt can contribute to fluid retention and swelling.

  • Use essential oils

Essential oils such as lavender, cypress, and peppermint can help improve blood flow and reduce inflammation in the veins. Mix a few drops of essential oil with a carrier oil, such as coconut or almond oil, and massage into the affected areas.

  • Apply apple cider vinegar

Apple cider vinegar contains natural anti-inflammatory properties and can help reduce swelling in the veins. Apply a small amount of apple cider vinegar to the affected areas and massage gently.


If you are experiencing severe pain or discomfort, be sure to talk to your doctor to determine the best course of treatment for you


Dr. Karuturi Subrahmanyam, MD, FRCP (London), FACP (USA)

Internal Medicine Specialist


Kify Hospital

Danavaipeta

Rajahmundry

Phone : 85000 23456

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