Vertigo is a condition characterized by a feeling of dizziness or spinning. It can be caused by a variety of conditions, including inner ear disorders, brain disorders, and certain medications.
One of the most common causes of vertigo is an inner ear disorder called benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). This condition is caused by the displacement of small crystals in the inner ear, which can lead to dizziness and spinning sensations when the head is moved in certain positions. BPPV can be treated with a procedure called the Epley maneuver, which involves a series of head movements that reposition the crystals back to their proper place.
Other causes of vertigo include Meniere's disease, a disorder of the inner ear that can cause dizziness, hearing loss, and tinnitus, and vestibular neuritis, an inflammation of the vestibular nerve that can cause severe dizziness and balance problems.
In addition to inner ear disorders, vertigo can also be caused by brain disorders such as migraines, stroke, and multiple sclerosis. Vertigo frequently occurs after recent infections and during fever. Certain medications, such as anti-anxiety drugs and antidepressants, can also cause vertigo as a side effect.
To diagnose the cause of vertigo, a doctor may perform a physical examination, including a test called the Dix-Hallpike test, which can help diagnose BPPV. They may also order a brain scan, such as an MRI, to check for brain disorders or tumors.
Treatment for vertigo depends on the underlying cause. For BPPV, the Epley maneuver can be effective. For Meniere's disease, treatment options include medications to control symptoms, such as diuretics to reduce fluid buildup in the ear. For vestibular neuritis, treatment options include medications to reduce inflammation and physical therapy to help retrain the brain to use other senses to maintain balance.
If you are experiencing symptoms of vertigo, it is important to see a doctor for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment. In the meantime, avoid sudden movements, and try to stay still, especially in an upright position.
Natural Home remedies for vertigo
There are several natural home remedies that may help alleviate the symptoms of vertigo. These include:
Ginger: Ginger has anti-inflammatory properties and has been used for centuries to treat nausea and vomiting. Drinking ginger tea or taking ginger supplements may help reduce dizziness and nausea associated with vertigo.
Ginkgo Biloba: Ginkgo biloba is an herbal supplement that is believed to improve blood flow to the brain and inner ear, which may help alleviate vertigo symptoms.
Vitamin D: Low levels of vitamin D have been linked to an increased risk of inner ear disorders, including vertigo. Increasing your intake of vitamin D through food sources or supplements may help reduce vertigo symptoms.
Hydration: Dehydration can worsen vertigo symptoms. Drinking enough water and fluids can help keep your body hydrated and reduce dizziness.
Yoga: Certain yoga poses such as the tree pose, mountain pose and the eagle pose may help improve balance and reduce vertigo symptoms.
It's important to note that these remedies are not a substitute for medical treatment, and it's always best to consult a doctor if you are experiencing vertigo symptoms. Also, if you have a medical condition that could be the cause of vertigo, it is important to make sure that the treatment you choose will not interact with any medication you are taking.
Dr. Karuturi Subrahmanyam, MD, FRCP (London), FACP (USA)
Internal Medicine Specialist
Phone : 85000 23456