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  • Writer's pictureDr. Karuturi Subrahmanyam

Flu (Influenza)


Influenza, commonly known as the flu, is a contagious respiratory illness caused by the influenza virus. It can affect people of all ages, but it is particularly dangerous for young children, elderly people, and those with weakened immune systems.


Causes:

The influenza virus is highly contagious and spreads from person to person through the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes. The virus can also be spread by touching surfaces contaminated with the virus and then touching one's nose, mouth, or eyes.


Symptoms:

The symptoms of influenza typically include fever, cough, sore throat, headache, body aches, and fatigue. Some people may also experience nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, although these symptoms are more common in children than adults. The symptoms usually appear within two to four days after exposure to the virus and can last for several days to two weeks.


Treatment:

Treatments include antiviral medications, which work by preventing the virus from multiplying in the body. These medications work best if they are taken within the first 48 hours of the onset of symptoms. Over-the-counter pain relievers and fever reducers can also be helpful in relieving symptoms.

It is important to stay home and rest when you have the flu to avoid spreading the virus to others. Drink plenty of fluids, get enough rest, and avoid close contact with others until your symptoms have subsided.


Prevention:

The best way to prevent influenza is by getting vaccinated every year. The influenza vaccine is recommended for everyone over the age of six months. It is especially important for people who are at high risk of complications from the flu, such as young children, elderly people, and those with chronic medical conditions.


Other preventive measures include practicing good hand hygiene by washing your hands frequently with soap and water or using an alcohol-based hand sanitizer. Covering your nose and mouth with a tissue or your sleeve when you cough or sneeze can also help prevent the spread of the virus.


Natural Home Remedies for Flu


Influenza, also known as the flu, is a viral infection that affects millions of people every year. There are several natural home remedies that can help alleviate the symptoms and speed up the recovery process. Here are some effective natural remedies for influenza:

  • Garlic: Garlic is known for its antiviral and antibacterial properties. It can help boost your immune system and fight off the flu virus. You can add garlic to your meals or take garlic supplements.

  • Ginger: Ginger is a natural anti-inflammatory and can help reduce fever, cough, and sore throat. You can make ginger tea by steeping fresh ginger root in hot water and adding honey and lemon for taste.

  • Honey: Honey has antibacterial properties and can help soothe a sore throat and reduce coughing. You can add honey to your tea or eat it directly.

  • Eucalyptus oil: Eucalyptus oil can help relieve congestion and coughing. You can add a few drops of eucalyptus oil to a bowl of hot water and inhale the steam.

  • Turmeric: Turmeric is known for its anti-inflammatory properties and can help reduce fever and muscle aches. You can add turmeric to your meals or take turmeric supplements.

  • Chicken soup: Chicken soup is a traditional remedy for the flu and can help alleviate symptoms such as congestion, coughing, and fatigue. Chicken soup can also help keep you hydrated.

  • Probiotics: Probiotics are good bacteria that can help boost your immune system and fight off the flu virus. You can consume probiotics through fermented foods such as yogurt, kefir, and kimchi.

  • Vitamin C: Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant that can help boost your immune system and fight off the flu virus. You can consume vitamin C through fruits and vegetables such as oranges, strawberries, and bell peppers.


It is important to note that while natural remedies can help alleviate the symptoms of the flu, they are not a substitute for medical treatment. If your symptoms persist or worsen, it is important to consult your doctor. Additionally, it is important to practice good hygiene habits such as washing your hands regularly and covering your mouth when coughing or sneezing to prevent the spread of the flu virus.


Dr. Karuturi Subrahmanyam, MD, FRCP (London), FACP (USA)

Internal Medicine Specialist


Kify Hospital

Danavaipeta

Rajahmundry

Phone : 85000 23456

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