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  • Writer's pictureDr. Karuturi Subrahmanyam

Throat pain

Throat pain, also known as pharyngitis, is a common condition that can have a variety of causes. It can be a sharp, dull, or burning pain, and can be accompanied by other symptoms such as a sore throat, difficulty swallowing, and a fever.

One of the most common causes of throat pain is a viral infection such as the common cold or flu. These infections can cause inflammation and soreness in the throat, and are typically accompanied by other symptoms such as a runny nose and cough.

Another common cause of throat pain is a bacterial infection, such as strep throat. This infection is caused by the bacteria Streptococcus and can lead to severe soreness and pain in the throat, as well as a fever, swollen lymph nodes and difficulty swallowing.

Throat pain can also be caused by other factors such as allergies, acid reflux, and dry air. Irritants like smoking and pollution can also cause throat pain.

Treatment for throat pain will depend on the cause. For viral infections, treatment may include over-the-counter pain relievers and decongestants to alleviate symptoms. For bacterial infections, antibiotics may be necessary to clear the infection.

If the cause of throat pain is due to allergies or acid reflux, antihistamines or acid-reducing medication may be prescribed. Drinking plenty of fluids and using a humidifier may also help to alleviate symptoms caused by dry air.

In addition to treatment, there are also ways to help manage throat pain on a daily basis. These include:

  • Drinking plenty of fluids to help keep the throat lubricated

  • Avoiding irritants such as smoke and pollution

  • Using a humidifier to add moisture to the air

  • Gargling with warm salt water to help reduce inflammation and pain

If you have concerns about throat pain, don't hesitate to consult a doctor for an evaluation. With proper diagnosis and treatment, it is possible to alleviate symptoms and prevent complications.

It's also important to mention that in some cases, if you have recurrent throat infections, you should consult your doctor for further evaluation and management.

Natural Home remedies to decrease throat pain

Throat pain can be a painful and uncomfortable condition, but there are some natural home remedies that may help to alleviate pain and discomfort. These remedies are generally safe and can be used in conjunction with other treatments recommended by your doctor.

  • Warm liquids: Drinking warm liquids such as tea, broth, or warm water with honey can help to soothe a sore throat and reduce inflammation.

  • Saltwater gargle: Gargling with warm salt water can help to reduce inflammation and pain in the throat. Mix 1/4 to 1/2 teaspoon of salt in a cup of warm water and gargle for 30 seconds to a minute. Repeat as needed.

  • Apple cider vinegar: Apple cider vinegar has antimicrobial properties that may help to reduce the symptoms of a sore throat. Mix a tablespoon of apple cider vinegar in a glass of water and gargle for 30 seconds before swallowing.

  • Ginger: Ginger has anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving properties that may help to reduce throat pain. Grate a small piece of ginger and steep it in a cup of boiling water for 10-15 minutes. Drink the tea twice a day.

  • Turmeric: Turmeric has anti-inflammatory properties that may help to reduce throat pain. Mix a teaspoon of turmeric powder in a glass of warm milk and drink it twice a day.

  • Garlic: Garlic has antimicrobial properties that may help to reduce the symptoms of a sore throat. Crush a few cloves of garlic and eat them raw or add them to your cooking.

It's important to note that some of these remedies may not be suitable for everyone, and if your symptoms persist or worsen, you should consult your doctor. Also, it's always a good idea to consult with your doctor before trying any new treatment especially if you have any underlying medical conditions.

Dr. Karuturi Subrahmanyam, MD, FRCP (London), FACP (USA)

Internal Medicine Specialist

Kify Hospital



Phone : 85000 23456


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