Diabetes is a condition that affects how your body uses glucose, a type of sugar that is an important source of energy for your cells. There are different types of diabetes, such as type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes. Each type has different causes and treatments, but they all share some common symptoms that can help you detect the condition early.
Some of the early symptoms of diabetes are:
Feeling more thirsty than usual.When your blood sugar is high, your body tries to flush out the excess glucose through urine. This makes you lose fluids and feel dehydrated. You may also have a dry mouth and itchy skin.
Urinating often. As a result of drinking more fluids and losing water through urine, you may need to go to the bathroom more frequently. This can also disturb your sleep and make you feel tired.
Losing weight without trying. If your body cannot use glucose for energy, it will start burning fat and muscle instead. This can cause you to lose weight even if you are eating normally. You may also feel hungry all the time because your cells are not getting enough fuel.
Feeling tired and weak. High blood sugar can affect your blood flow and nerve function, making it hard for your body to heal wounds and fight infections. You may also have trouble concentrating and feel irritable or depressed.
Having blurry vision. High blood sugar can cause fluid to build up in the lenses of your eyes, changing their shape and making them unable to focus properly. You may also have sensitivity to light or see spots or floaters in your vision.
These symptoms can vary depending on the type and severity of diabetes you have. Some people may not have any symptoms at all until they develop complications from long-term damage caused by high blood sugar. That is why it is important to get tested for diabetes if you have any risk factors or notice any changes in your health.
If you think you may have diabetes, talk to your doctor as soon as possible. The earlier you get diagnosed and treated, the better your chances of preventing serious complications.
Dr. Karuturi Subrahmanyam, MD, FRCP (London), FACP (USA)
Internal Medicine Specialist
Phone : 85000 23456